how to make compost
Compost is a natural fertilizer which is a byproduct of your gardening hobby… Compost is formed when micro-organisms break down Garden waste , Compost therefore consists solely of organic material. in nature compost is found under trees in thick and wet forests. It is also called black gold due to its enormous uses in gardening. Fully prepared compost emits a smell which is like the smell we feel in thick forests. When I collect a handful of compost in my hands then I can feel life in soil which is very beneficial for plants
Make your own fertile compost
Making compost yourself is very beneficial. The waste heap is getting smaller because your garden waste and certain types of kitchen waste turn into compost. In this way you produce free plant food that you can use as soil improver in your garden, vegetable garden or in your lawn.
After all, composting is a process whereby insects, fungi, bacteria and other small organisms digest garden and kitchen waste and in result give you fertile soil.
Use compost as soil improver
Good compost has a dark brown, almost black color, a grainy structure and a deep smell like forest soil.
Compost is formed when micro-organisms break down vegetable residues. Garden waste, pruning, leaves, vegetable kitchen waste is dumped… Compost therefore consists solely of organic material. It is an ideal soil conditioner with a high nutrient content for your plants. This ensures a rich soil life full of useful organisms.
By adding compost the structure of the soil becomes light and grainy, allowing oxygen, water and food to penetrate the soil better.
Plants and vegetables can develop a strong root system in such a soil. This way they can absorb better and more nutrients and thus grow faster.
Make compost based on the right green waste
It is extremely important that you make compost on the basis of the right green waste.
Perfectly suitable for your compost heap is the following waste:
- autumn leaves
- fine pruning
- chopping wood, tree bark, hedge shovel and smaller branches
- grass clippings
- manure from birds and herbivores
- coffee filters and tea bags
- waste of raw vegetables and fruit
- hard wood, such as toothpicks, lumber, wood shavings and wood fibers
- peel of non-organic potatoes and citrus fruits
- waste and branches of conifers
- mineral materials such as sand, earth, clay, potting soil, peat …
- disposable diapers
- weeds and plants that are affected by diseases
- ashes of a stove, fireplace or wood fire
Waste of flowers is also suitable for composting.
However, there is also a lot of waste that ends up in the compost heap but not recommended because sometimes it creates smell in compost, such as:
- cooked or prepared food
- bread and pastries
- meat, meat products and bones
- animal waste such as eggshells, cat litter and feces of meat eaters
Choose the right place for your compost bin or box
You should install a compost bin in a shady place in your garden. Keep it at least a few meters away from a pond or water source.
If you have the chance to install your compost bin under a tree or a canopy, then that is certainly fine. Here the compost silo is better protected against too bright sun or rain. Too much water that flows through the compost washes away the nutrients. In a too dry compost heap, it is often too warm for optimal functioning of the micro-organisms.
Build up your compost heap in layers
Sufficient oxygen plays an important role in the composting process. This should be taken into account when constructing a compost heap by alternating layers with coarse and fine material. Start with a layer of so-called “brown material”: branches, twigs, straw, dry stems, dry leaves, wood chips, etc.
Such garden waste makes the compost heap airy. On top of a layer of coarse material comes a layer with finer garden waste: grass cuttings, fruit and vegetable residues, manure from herbivores, etc. This “green material” contains more food and water. Build up your compost heap further by alternating layers with coarse and fine material.
Sprinkle around 200 grams of compost maker or urea fertiliozer between each layer of garden waste of about 30 cm thick. Mix well with the garden waste and pour the compost heap with water to distribute the compost maker/urea it will fasten the compost process..
Give your compost enough oxygen
Bring extra oxygen into the compost by aerating it. You can do this in two ways:
Completely reverse the compost heap by removing the bottom layers from the compost bin and throwing them back on top of the compost heap. You can, for example, do this once during the entire composting process.
Mix the compost weekly with a composting stick.
Check the quality of your compost
Take a sample regularly during the composting process. A lot of life in the compost, such as worms and insects, points to a good degradation quality of the garden waste.
Good compost smells like forest ground. If your compost has a nasty smell, then there is a lack of oxygen.
Strain your compost through a sieve with fine mesh with meshes of about 1 cm. The fine dark compost that falls through the sieve can serve as food for your plants.